.

Seguir la Sunnah es el método del supremo intérprete de la Voluntad Divina, el Mensajero de Allah; y esto es la raíz de la adoración y de la piedad (`ibâdati de asl-ul).

إنه لا ينبغي أن يعذب بالنار إلا رب النار
«No corresponde a nadie castigar haciendo uso del fuego, excepto al Señor del fuego»

"Aquél que no siente placer por la primavera y su flores y el laúd y sus melodías es un desequilibrado que no tiene remedio."
Abu hamid Al-ghazzaali

"No me preocupa el no ser conocido. De lo que trato es de hacerme digno de ser conocido." Confúcio, (551 a. C. - 479 a. C.)

"Para decirlo con toda franqueza, en todas las aldeas se necesita un breve período de terror".
Mao Tse Tung

“[¡Oh, Muhammad!] Ante todo, elige perdonar, ordena el bien y apártate de quienes se comportan contigo en forma ignorante.” (Corán 7:199)

"Las ideas son mucho más peligrosas que las armas. Si no permitimos que nuestros enemigos tengan armas, ¿Por qué les vamos a permitir tener ideas?" (Stalin)
La violencia es el único medio de lucha, y la sangre el carburante de la historia (Stalin).

En 1930 se le preguntó al Gobernador de Louisiana, Huey Long si el fascismo podría llegar a América. Su respuesta fue:

"Seguro, solo que aquí
le llamarán anti-fascismo".


En 2010 se le preguntó al Profesor Rahmanicus si el fascismo podría volver al continente europeo. Su respuesta fue:

""Seguro, solo que aquí le llamarán TOLERANCIA CERO".

No seas compañero de los malos ni calumniador de los buenos.
Hesiodo

El Islam no es una religión utópica, cree en una utopía, pero hay que esperar por ella, no está es en este mundo. Sh. H.Y.

"El socialismo chino se fundamenta en Darwin y en la teoría de la evolución"
Mao Tse Tung

Adolf Hitler, 1927: " Yo soy Socialista "

Goebbles, 1931: " antes prefiero ser bolchevique que capitalista "


Fred Hoyle: "La formación de una célula viva a partir de una sopa química inanimada es tan probable como el ensamblado de un 747 por un torbellino que pasa a través de un depósito de chatarra.”

Chandra Wickramasinghe: La probabilidad de la formación de la vida a partir de la materia inanimada es alrededor de 1 seguido de 40.000 ceros… Es suficientemente grande para sepultar a Darwin y toda la teoría del evolución“.

"Sí para llegar a nuestros fines debemos eliminar el 80% de la población, no vacilaremos, un solo instante." LENIN [Vladímir Ilich Uliánov]

Es evidente que el común entusiasmo por la igualdad es, en un sentido fundamental, anti-humano. Tiende a reprimir el florecimiento de la personalidad individual, de la diversidad y de la civilización misma. Es la búsqueda de la uniformidad de los salvajes. [Murray Rothbard]

Bajo el gobierno comunista nadie posee nada, ya sean los hijos de uno, o la esposa, o aun la propia libertad. El estado puede incautarlos en cualquier mo­mento.

La liberación de la mujer –sostiene Engels- pasa por la destrucción de la familia y su ingreso al mercado del trabajo. Así, ocupará su lugar en la sociedad de producción, ya sin el yugo marital ni la carga de la maternidad.

-"Si triunfan las derechas tendremos que ir a la Guerra Civil declarada. Que no digan que nosotros decimos las cosas por decirlas, que nosotros lo realizamos” (Largo Caballero, secretario General del PSOE. El Liberal, de Bilbao, 20 de enero de 1936).

George Gilder lo predijo hace muchos años, ahora vemos que el gobierno está actuando como un reemplazo del esposo y del padre.

Es un error pensar que el feminismo representa a la mujer, que es un movimiento de mujeres. No solo no es así, si no que somos millones las que hemos sido sus víctimas.
Mª del Prado Esteban Diezma

Si no fuera suficiente con las divisiones por causas políticas, religiosas y raciales; las mujeres empezaron a considerar a los hombres como extraterrestres, como a seres de otra especie a lo que no se sentían vinculadas: era el triunfo de una nueva ideología mesiánica y de odio llamado feminismo.

"El fascismo es socialismo nacionalista"... Benito Mussolini, creador del fascimo, fue el número 3 del partido socialista italiano. In nomine

Dei non Deus nisi Deus solus non similis. Declaración visigoda de la unicidad de Dios.

Martyn Latsis, uno de los jefes de la Checa, el 1 de noviembre de 1918: "No hacemos la guerra contra las personas en particular. Exterminamos a la burguesía como clase. No busquéis, durante la investigación, documentos o pruebas sobre lo que el acusado ha cometido, mediante acciones o palabras, contra la autoridad soviética. La primera pregunta que debéis formularle es la de a qué clase pertenece, cuáles son su origen, su educación, su instrucción, su profesión". (Courtois, ob. cit., p. 22).

"Si se pudiese abolir su sometimiento al Corán por medio de la emancipación civil, se cancelaría, al mismo tiempo, su sometimiento al clero y se produciría una revolución en las relaciones políticas y religiosas..." Karl Marx

“Yo creo que las instituciones bancarias son más peligrosas para nuestras libertades que los enemigos declarados. Si el pueblo Estadounidense permite alguna vez, que los bancos privados controlen el asunto de su moneda, primero por inflación, luego por deflación, los bancos y las corporaciones que crecen a su alrededor le quitarán al pueblo toda supropiedad hasta que los niños despierten sin casa en el continente que sus padres conquistaron”. Thomas Jefferson
.
Gustavo Le Bon en "Ayer y Mañana":
"..Las creencias de forma religiosa, como el socialismo, son inconmovibles porque los argumentos no hacen mella en una convicción mística... Todos los dogmas, los políticos sobre todo, se imponen generalmente sobre las esperanzas que hacen nacer y no los razonamientos que invocan... La razón no ejerce influencia alguna sobre las fuerzas místicas.."
.
-"Lo que vosotros teméis es la mirada penetrante, no os atrevéis a mirar el fondo de las cosas os gusta que vuestros ojos resbalen sobre todo sin pararos a pensar"-.
Almas Muertas, N.Gógol

Como la mayoría de licenciados/as, crees todo, estás bien adoctrinado y lo que mejor has aprendido es lo que mejor enseñan: A NO PENSAR.

"Nuestros camaradas y los miembros de las organizaciones amigas deben continuamente avergonzar, desacreditar y degradar a nuestros críticos. Cuando los obstruccionistas se vuelvan demasiado irritantes hay que etiquetarlos como fascistas o nazis. Esta asociación de ideas, después de las suficientes repeticiones, acabará siendo una realidad en la conciencia de la gente".

Comunicado del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de la Unión Soviética del año 1943, dirigido a todos sus afiliados.

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miércoles, 14 de junio de 2017

TU RITMO CIRCADIANO MIENTRAS AYUNAS

Your Circadian Rhythm While Fasting





Durante el ayuno, se liberan en nuestros cuerpos ciertos narcóticos endógenos conocidos como opioides (o endorfinas).

Allah (all glory be to Him) tells us in the Holy Quran about Ramadan that, “(He wants you) to complete the prescribed period (of fasting), and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.” (Surat Al Baqarah: 2:185).
Many benefits, in addition to the spiritual, result from completing this prescribed period of fasting.  This article attempts to explain those related to our biological rhythms.
Sleeping Stages
A person goes through five stages while going to sleep. The background activity of the brain is called the electroencephalogram (EEG) and can be recorded by the use of scalp electrodes.
The dominant frequency and amplitude characteristic of the surface EEG varies with states of arousal. 
Calm wakefulness is accompanied by alpha waves 8-12 Hz (cycles per second) and low voltage fast activity of mixed frequency. This is called stage one. Alpha waves disappear when we open our eyes.
As sleep deepens into stage two, bursts of 12-14 Hz (sleep spindles) and high amplitude slow waves appear.
The deep sleep of stages three and four is featured by an increasing proportion of high voltage slow activity.  Breathing is regular in slow-wave sleep or non-REM (Rapid Eye Movements) sleep.
Delta activity (very slow waves, 0.5-4 Hz, high amplitude) is unusual in a normal record and accompanies deep sleep i.e. stages three and four sleep.
After about 70 minutes or so mostly spent in stages three and four, the first REM period occurs, usually heralded by an increase in body movements, and a shift in the EEG pattern from stage four to stage two.
These rapid low-voltage irregular waves resemble those seen in alert humans; sleep, however, is not interrupted.
This is called stage 5 or REM sleep, when the EEG activity gets desynchronised. There is marked muscle atonia despite the rapid eye movements in REM sleep, and the breathing is irregular.
Theta activity with a pattern of large regular waves occurs in normal children and is briefly seen in stage one sleep and also in REM sleep. Circadian Rhythm
Non-REM (NREM) sleep passes through stages one and two, and spends 60-70 minutes in stages three and four. Sleep then lightens and a REM period follows.
This cycle is repeated three or four times per night, at intervals of about 90 minutes throughout the night, depending on the length of sleep. REM sleep occupies 25% of total sleeping time.
When the eyes are opened, the alpha rhythm is replaced by fast irregular low voltage activity with no dominant frequency, called the alpha block.
Any form of sensory stimulation or mental concentration such as solving arithmetic problems could produce this break-up of the alpha rhythm. This replacement of the regular alpha rhythm with irregular low voltage activity is called “desynchronisation”.
Fasting Positively Affects Sleep
During the first few hours of an Islamic fast, the EEG is normal. However, the frequency of the alpha rhythm is decreased by a low blood glucose level. This may happen at the end of the fasting day towards evening when the blood sugar is low.
Fasting improves the quality and intensifies the depth of sleep, a matter of particular importance to the aged who have much less stage three and four sleep (deep sleep). The processes of repair of the body and of the brain take place during sleep. Two hours of sleep during the month of Ramadan are more satisfying and refreshing than more hours of sleep otherwise!
REM sleep and dreaming are closely associated. Dreaming may be necessary to maintain health, but prolonged REM deprivation has no adverse psychological effects. Dreaming sleep occupies 50% of the sleep cycle in infants and decreases with age.
Brain synthetic processes occur in deep sleep; brain protein molecules are synthesized in the brain during deep sleep or used in REM sleep in restoring cerebral function. Fasting significantly increases deep sleep and leads to a fall in REM sleeping time or dreaming time, and also accelerates synthesis of memory molecules.
Fasting & Circadian Rhythm
The period of the circadian pace-maker in humans is 24 hours 11 minutes. Hormonal secretion is frequently characterised by rhythmic fluctuations which may be regular or irregular in periodicity. The period of regular oscillation may be as short as a few minutes or as long as a year.
The body timing system that drives circadian rhythms is exposed to external factors ranging from the imposed activity-rest cycle, the natural light-dark cycle, and social activities outside the workplace. 
There are biological pacemakers or oscillators within the body with time-keeping capacity which synchronise with the external environmental cycles such as light. Environmental cues that synchronize biological pacemakers are called “zeitgebers” (from the German “time-givers”), and the process of re-setting the pacemaker is called re-synchronization.
The light/dark cycle is a potent zeitgeber for circadian rhythm but daily cycles in temperature, food availability, social interaction (such as congregational prayers) and even electro-magnetic field strength synchronize circadian rhythm in certain species.

Circadian RhythmSleeping stages.
Because of recurring cycles of light, temperature and food availability, organisms evolved endogenous rhythms of metabolism and behavior providing response to specific environmental cycles. Many biological rhythms reflect the period of one of four environmental cycles: cycles of the tide, of day and night, of moon phase and of seasons.
Muslims who have been fasting regularly since childhood, have been exposed to different sleep/wake and light/darkness cycles on a daily basis in one annual lunar month. Hence, it may be easier for such persons to synchronize their circadian, circalunar and circannual biological rhythms under difficult conditions.
Fasting, Jet Lag & Shift Work
Factors contributing to symptoms of jet lag are (1) external desynchronisaion due to immediate differences between body time and local time at the end of the flight. (2) internal desynchronisation due to the fact that different circadian rhythms in the body re-synchronise at different rates, and during the re-synchronisation period, these rhythms will be out of phase with one another.
International travel across time zones produces symptoms of jet lag such as sleep disturbances, gastro-intestinal disorders, decreased alertness, fatigue and lack of concentration and motivation.
General symptoms arising from desynchronisation include tiredness during the day and disturbed sleep and reaction time. The severity of these adverse effects and therefore the time required for re-synchronisation depends on the ability to pre-set the bodily rhythms prior to flying, the number of time zones crossed, the direction of flight, age, social interaction and activity.
NASA estimates that it takes one day for every time zone crossed to regain normal rhythm and energy levels. A 6-hour time-difference thus needs 6 days to get back to normal. 
Rapid adaptation to a new zone can be facilitated by maximising exposure to zeitgebers for the new cycle e.g. changing to meal times and sleep times appropriate to the new time zone.
Maximising social contact and exposure to natural lgihting will result in faster resynchronisation than staying at home in a hotel and eating and sleeping without regard to local time. There are widespread individual variations in the rapidity of resynchronisation. 
Muslims who fast regularly and who have experienced disturbed wakefulness/sleep cycles on a daily lunar annual basis, can adapt themselves much faster to different time zones during international travel and do not suffer from the ill effects of jet lag.
Moreover, the social contact during the Tarawih congregational prayer and the other social-cum–spiritual activities act as zeitgebers which regulate any desynchronised biological rhythm.
Shift workers also experience similar symptoms as jet lag, especially gastro-intestinal, cardiovascular, and sleep disorders and also reproductive dysfunctions in women.
The inverted schedule of sleeping and waking also results in diminished alertness and performance during night-time work with attendant increase in the number of fatigue-related accidents during night time shift hours.
Normally, a period of three weeks is required for re-synchronisation among shift workers, and as the fasting Muslim atunes himself to resynchronization processes during the space of just over four weeks in Ramadan, his health problems as a shift worker would be negligible, as his synchronization processes would be more rapid, whether during Ramadan or at any other time.
It is also a common observation that as soon as Ramadan is over, normal circadian rhythms are established in the fasted Muslims with such great rapidity as to be at par with pre-Ramadan levels on the first day of Shawwal, i.e. Eid-ul-Fitr.
Fasting & Encephalins

Human sleeping stages   Aritmética del "Jet Lag".
During fasting, certain endogenous, narcotic-like substances known as opioids (or endorphins) are released into the body. They have a tranquilizing effect as well as an elating effect on the mind. These are also probably responsible for prevention of psychosomatic diseases.
The opioids have several effects, including slowing down metabolism to conserve energy. Another effect of opioids may be that, although they produce elation as well as intense hunger, they do not drive the person to eat with sheer gluttony.
Muslims in Ramadan experience an ability to intensely focus their minds on meditation, Quranic recitation and prayers. This spiritual gain during the Holy Month is despite the fact that normal sleep/waking cycles are somewhat disturbed and despite a long day of fasting. Perhaps now we have a closer idea as to the science of this miraculous process.

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